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In this tutorial we will learn how to set up Hybrid - Keyword Driven Framework. I called it with the prefix Hybrid because, Originally it is Just a Keyword Driven Framework but when we implement Data Driven technique in it, it can be called Hybrid - Keyword Framework.

Steps to Set Up Keyword Driven Framework:

STEP 1: Automate an End 2 End flow

STEP 2: Identify & Implement Action Keywords

STEP 3: Set Up Data Engine - Excel Sheet

STEP 4: Implement Java Reflection class to create Action Keywords run time

STEP 5: Set Up Java Constant Variables for fixed data

STEP 6: Set Up Object Repository properties file

STEP 7: Set Up Test Suite Execution Engine

STEP 8: Set Up Log4j Logging in Framework

STEP 9: Set Up Exception Handling in Framework

STEP 10: Set Up Test Result Reporting

STEP 11: Set Up Data Driven Technique in Framework

STEP 12: Set Up Framework for Manual Testers

STEP 1: Automate an End 2 End flow

The very first step is to automate an end to end flow of the application. For e.g. If I choose to automate an E-Commerce application, the end to end flow will be like:

LogIn to the application Choose a Product Add the Product to the Cart View the Check Out page Provide Personal details Provide Payment details Confirm the Order and verify the Confirmation page


  1. Java is installed on your computer, to learn more visit Set Up Java.
  2. Eclipse IDE should be installed, to learn more visit Set Up Eclipse.
  3. WebDriver client is installed on your machine, to learn more visit Set Up WebDriver Java Client.
  4. Eclipse IDE is configured with Selenium WebDriver on your machine, to learn more visit Configure Eclipse with WebDriver.

Now lets write a simple test case of LogIn & LogOut which we discussed on previous chapter. I could have taken the complete end to end flow, but it will increase the size of the chapters a lot.

How to do it…

  1. Create a ‘New Package’ file and name it as ‘executionEngine’, by right click on the Project and select New > Package. We will be creating different packages for Utilities & Configuration files. It is always recommended to use this structure, as it is easy to understand, easy to use and easy to maintain.
  2. Create a ‘New Class’ file and name it as 'DriverScript',  by right click on the above created Package and select New > Class. As this will be our main script, so do not forget to click the check box for 'public static void main(string [ ]args)' while creating class.
  3. Write the Selenium WebDriver test case for the below mentioned steps:
  • Step 1 - Open a Browser
  • Step 2 - Navigate to URL
  • Step 3 - Click on My Account button
  • Step 4 - Enter Username
  • Step 5 - Enter Password
  • Step 6 - Click on LogIn button
  • Step 7 - Click on LogOut button
  • Step 8 - Close the Browser
package executionEngine;

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.openqa.selenium.*;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class DriverScript {
        private static WebDriver driver = null;
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        driver = new FirefoxDriver();
        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

        driver.findElement (By.xpath(".//*[@id='account_logout']/a")).click();

Try giving it a run. From next chapter, we will start setting up the Keyword Driven Framework by following step by step tutorial.

Keyword Driven Framework - Introduction
Keyword Driven Framework - Introduction
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Identify and Implement Action Keywords
Identify and Implement Action Keywords
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Lakshay Sharma
I’M LAKSHAY SHARMA AND I’M A FULL-STACK TEST AUTOMATION ENGINEER. Have passed 16 years playing with automation in mammoth projects like O2 (UK), Sprint (US), TD Bank (CA), Canadian Tire (CA), NHS (UK) & ASOS(UK). Currently, I am working with RABO Bank as a Chapter Lead QA. I am passionate about designing Automation Frameworks that follow OOPS concepts and Design patterns.
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Virender Singh

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